The four-year SIMBA project brings together 22 partners well distributed across the European continent. SIMBA comprises among the most successful research groups with respect to terrestrial, marine, food and human gut microbiomes. The consortium forms a well-balanced mix between fundamental scientists, being experts in ecology and evolution of microbiomes and applied scientists that have a track record in bridging fundamental science to applications in the food industry. Within the consortium, there is a number of successful small to medium enterprises (SME) who are key to test novel techniques and that provide “near to market” solutions for field testing and economical evaluation. This cross-sectoral collaboration ensures that the results of fundamental research will be exploited with the consortium and will be disseminated to the market.